Probiotics are available in the U.S. as dietary supplements (including capsules, tablets, powders) and in infant formulas and dairy foods such as yogurt. Selected products are detailed on page 4. Despite increased awareness of probiotics, many consumers are confused about what they contain, what effects they have on the body, which strains or products are the best choices, and how to use them. Consumers may not be aware that, despite the growth in research, there is not yet strong scientific evidence to support many of the health claims for probiotics. This issue gives a general overview of probiotics, including common strains, safety, dosing, and current regulatory issues. Commonly studied conditions for probiotic use in children, namely acute infectious diarrhea, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and eczema (atopic dermatitis), will be discussed in detail. The community healthcare provider is uniquely positioned to help consumers sort out the facts and misconceptions about probiotics, so they can make informed choices.
- Pharmacists, Nurse Practitioners, Clinical Nurse Specialists, and Registered Nurses
CE activities for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians:
This continuing education (CE) activity meets the requirements of all state boards of pharmacy for approved continuing education hours. CE credit is automatically reported to CPE Monitor.
The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) for formally approved continuing education (CE) hours, and CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics.
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Program (AANPCP) for acceptable, accredited CE.
- The ANCC requires all advanced practice nursing certificants (CNSs and NPs) to complete 25 CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics as a portion of the required 75 continuing education hours.
- Pharmacology CE is recommended by the AANPCP and will be required for Certificants renewing certification starting January 2017.
- Most State Boards of Nursing require a minimum number of pharmacy contact hours to renew an advanced practice license.
Requirements for CE Credit
- Define probiotic, and describe how probiotics differ from prebiotics, synbiotics, and live active cultures. Describe at least 2 mechanisms by which probiotics may act.
- Name at least 3 widely used probiotic species. Discuss the importance of the specific strain to probiotic effects.
- Discuss the evidence for probiotic use in the prevention and treatment of acute infectious diarrhea, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, C. difficile infection, and eczema in children.
Bob John, PharmD, BCPS
Brief Bio : Bob John, PharmD, BCPS, Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Dept., College of Pharmacy and Pediatric Dept., College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma.
Disclosure : Dr. John report no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.
Brooke L. Honey, PharmD, BCPS, AE-C
Brief Bio : Brooke L. Honey, PharmD, BCPS, AE-C, Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Dept., College of Pharmacy and Pediatric Dept., College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma
Disclosure : Dr. Honey report no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.
Pamela Mausner, MD
Brief Bio : Pamela Mausner, MD; Medical Writer/Editor and Healthcare Advocate; and Associate Editor, The Rx Consultant.
Disclosure : Dr.Mausner reports no financial relationship with the manufacturer(s) or provider(s) of any commercial product(s) or service(s) that appear in this issue.
Tracy Farnen, PharmD
Brief Bio : Tracy Farnen, PharmD; Managing Editor, The Rx Consultant.
Disclosure : Dr. Farnen reports no financial relationship with the manufacturer(s) or provider(s) of any commercial product(s) or service(s) that appear in this issue.