Part 1 of this article focuses on errors that occur in the pharmacy, and steps pharmacies, pharmacists, and technicians can take to prevent errors and improve patient safety. Pharmacy errors include errors of commission, such as dispensing the wrong drug, the wrong dose of the drug, or entering the label information into the computer incorrectly. They also include errors of omission, such as failure to appropriately counsel patients and screen for risks such as drug-drug interactions, excessive dosages, and prescribing errors. The importance of root cause analysis in preventing future errors is highlighted.
Part 2 of this issue focuses on common errors patients or caregivers make when administering medications, and the role of the community healthcare provider in preventing them to safeguard patient safety. In addition, the prevention of medication errors that occur during transitions in care (in particular, from hospital to home) is discussed.
The steps in the medication use process where errors may occur are identified in Table 1.
- This accredited program is targeted to pharmacy technicians.
CE activities for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians:
This continuing education (CE) activity meets the requirements of all state boards of pharmacy for approved continuing education hours. CE credit is automatically reported to CPE Monitor.
The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) for formally approved continuing education (CE) hours, and CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics.
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Program (AANPCP) for acceptable, accredited CE.
- The ANCC requires all advanced practice nursing certificants (CNSs and NPs) to complete 25 CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics as a portion of the required 75 continuing education hours.
- Pharmacology CE is recommended by the AANPCP and will be required for Certificants renewing certification starting January 2017.
- Most State Boards of Nursing require a minimum number of pharmacy contact hours to renew an advanced practice license.
Requirements for CE Credit
- Discuss common contributing factors to dispensing errors.
- Describe 6 steps that can be taken in pharmacies to reduce the incidence of dispensing errors.
- List 2 factors that commonly contribute to self-administration errors.
- Explain how medication errors can arise during transitions in care.
Kyle E. Hultgren, Pharm.D.
Brief Bio : Kyle E. Hultgren, Pharm.D.is the Managing Director of the Center for Medication Safety Advancement and Clinical Professor of Pharmacy Practice at Purdue University College of Pharmacy, Indianapolis, Indiana.
Disclosure : Dr. Hultgren reports no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.
Richard R. Abood, B.S. Pharmacy, J.D.
Brief Bio : Richard R. Abood, B.S. Pharm., J.D., Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Thomas J Long School of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA
Disclosure : Mr. Abood reports no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.
Thomas J. Long
Disclosure : Dr. Long reports no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.